Grammar

Câu tường thuật trong tiếng Anh (F4): Dạng câu cảm thán

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A. Động từ CẢM THÁN

  1. She said, “What a lovely garden they have!”
    She exclaimed what a lovely garden they had.
  2. He said to her, “How beautifully you have sung today!”
    He exclaimed how beautifully she had sung that day.
  3. She said, “Ugh! It’s a snake here!”
    She exclaimed with disgust that it was a snake there.

B. YES & NO

CÂU TRỰC TIẾP CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT
I said to him, “Will you have me?”

– He said, “Yes.”
– He said, “No.”

I asked him to help me

and he agreed.
but he refused.

She said to me, “Will you come to dinner?”

– I said, “Yes.”
– I said, “No.”

She invited me to dinner and/but

I accepted.
I regretted.

She said to him, “Did you steal my money?”

– He said, “Yes.”
– He said, “No.”

She asked him if he had stolen her money

and he confessed.
but he denied.

I said to her, “Can you play the piano?”

– She answered, “Yes.”
– She answered, “No.”

I asked her if she could play the piano

and she answered that she could.
but she answered that she could not.

C. Chào hỏi & Chào tạm biệt

CÂU TRỰC TIẾP CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT
She said, “Hello, Bob. How are you today? She said hello to Bob and asked him how he was that day.
I said to him, “Good morning.” I greeted him.
I wished him a good morning.
I said to her, “Good night.” I wished her a good night.
She said to us, “Goodbye! See you tomorrow.” She wished us goodbye.
She took leave of us.
She bade farewell to us, and hoped to see us the following day.
She said to me, “Congratulations.” She congratulated me.
She said to him, “Liar!” She called him a liar.
He said, “Damn!” He swore.
I said to her, “I’m sorry. Did I hurt you?” I begged her pardon and asked her if I had hurt her.
She said to him, “Excuse me. Please lend me your pen.” She asked him to excuse her and to lend her his pen.
She said to me, “Thank you. Your gift is quite handsome.” She thanked me and said that my gift was quite handsome.

A Handbook of English Sentence Writing
Giáo sư Lê Tôn Hiến

Ảnh: Nachristos

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Tự học Anh ngữ là một dự án chia sẻ những kiến thức và kinh nghiệm học tiếng Anh miễn phí dành cho những ai muốn tự học tiếng Anh tại nhà.

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