A. Pronounce “ed” like /t/ after most voiceless consonants [f, k, p, s,…].
Phát âm “ed” như /t/ sau hầu hết các phụ âm vô thanh [f, k, p, s,…].
+ Phụ âm: tất các các âm khác với nguyên âm u-e-o-a-i.
+ Vô thanh: âm phát ra mà không làm rung dây thanh quản.
- developed: We developed a new strategy.
- laughed: She laughed at the joke.
- thanked: They thanked me for dinner.
- crossed: He crossed it off the list.
- cashed: They already cashed the check.
- pitched: I pitched the idea to my boss.
B. Pronounced “ed” like /d/ after vowels and most voiced consonants.
Phát âm “ed” như /d/ sau nguyên âm và hầu hết phụ âm hữu thanh.
+ Nguyên âm: u-e-o-a-i (mẹo nhớ nhanh: uể oải).
+ Hữu thanh: âm phát ra làm rung dây thanh quản. VD: b, d, g, l, r, m, n, z và v.
- robbed: That’s the man that robbed the bank!
- banged: She banged the book down.
- bagged: He bagged the groceries.
- managed: They managed the account well.
- called: He called me from his business trip.
- charmed: She charmed him with her beautiful voice.
- rained: It rained all day.
- poured: I poured him a cup of coffee.
- used: I used all of the paper.
- massaged: He massaged her sore shoulders.
C. Pronounce “ed” like /id/ after “d” and “t”.
Phát âm “ed” như /id/ sau “d” và “t”.
- devoted: He’s a devoted employee.
- greeted: They greeted me at the airport.
- accepted: I accepted the offer.
- decided: She decided to apply for the position.
- provided: They provided the necessary information.
- attended: He attended the conference.
How to Master the American Accent
(Judy Ravin & Bard Niemann)
Chú giải: Chơn Linh